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BASIC FACTS OF CZECH REPUBLIC

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Basic facts

From time immemorial, the Czech lands have been the crossroads of European cultures. The cultural character of Czech cities, villages and spa towns has always been a source of inspiration to visitors and guests, who come here from all corners of the world. The Czech Republic, among the youngest in the family of European countries, was born on January 1st, 1993, when the Czechslovak Federal Republic split into two independent states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Since May, 2004, the Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union; it has been a full-fledged NATO member since 2002. (The country has not adopted the Euro yet, however, and still uses its national currency, the Czech crown.)

Even though the Czech Republic's area of 78,864 square kilometers (about 30,450 square miles) ranks it among small countries, its wealth of natural beauty and monuments of cultural heritage contribute greatly to its global prestige as a major cultural destination.

Geographically, the country (population: 10.3 mil.) and its historical lands (Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia) are divided into 14 local administrative units controlled by regional administrations.

In addition to the administrative units, there are 14 tourist regions dotted with charming towns, castles and chateaux (the most per square mile of any country in the world!), ancient villages and, of course, many spas, all waiting to be discovered.


Location : Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Geographic coordinates : 49 45 N, 15 30 E

Map references : Europe

Area : total: 78,866 sq km

Land : 77,276 sq km

Water : 1,590 sq km

Area - comparative : slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries : total: 1,881 km

Border countries : Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

Coastline : 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims : none (landlocked)

Climate : temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain : Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation extremes : lowest point: Elbe River 115 m

Highest point : Snezka 1,602 m

Natural resources : hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Land use : arable land: 38.82%

Other : 58.18% (2005)

Irrigated land : 240 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards : flooding


Time Zone : UTC/GMT +1


Density of population : 2,379/km2

Czech Republic information

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Travel to Czech Republic Travel to Czech Republic
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Travel inside Czech Republic Travel inside Czech Republic
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Geography of Czech Republic Geography of Czech Republic
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